PACE Psych 406:
The School Years - IDEA
Discuss: What is the meaning of School, of Education
in the culture?
IDEA (Individuals with
Essentials of the Law:
- IEP - Individual Education Plan
- Individualized - Pertaining to the one individual,
- Least Restrictive Environment - maintain most normal
- At No Cost - free to family (school may charge normal
pertain to all students)
- Parent Participation - (at IEP, involvement in the
Basic Philosophy of Accommodations:
The Accommodations set forth in the IDEA, as with the ADA,
are to level
the playing field, allowing for equal opportunity for success of those
students who have the capacity to succeed but are shut out due to
of the learning situation or environment which are not essential or
to the skills or knowledge to be learned.
For example, is it necessary that students in a 50 minute
the test within 50 minutes because the time is essential to the test
or because of the logistical concern that the next class will be coming
in soon and the teacher and students must move on to their next classes?
Contrast this with the reaction time issues in driving. If
information and respond to an unanticipated emergency situation on the
highway, then a crash will occur. Here the timing matters as an
part of the task at hand.
- Why inclusion?
- Opportunites & Costs.
- Benefits to whom? How?
- Why not inclusion?
- Will Students with Special Needs be disruptive?
How can we deal
- Social Norms & Values?
- Can the Special Needs of students be met?
- How do we determine who to
include & How to do so?
Extended-Time Study with ABLE/
Special Needs Accommodations:
Taped lectures, note-taker, testing options (private,
time extension, etc.), textbook reader, extra time on assignments (as
Anticipate the outcome.
Will Accommodations make a difference?
If it will make a difference, why don't we always do these
for all students?
Essential Problem: (from online article by Safik
Asante (leader of New African Voices in Philadelphia, PA)
- Inclusion recognizes the fact that some are "IN" and others
knocking on the door to be let in.
- "Inclusion means inviting those who have been historically
- 3 Questions:
- "Who has the authority or right to invite others
in? (and isn't
- "How did the "inviters" get in?
- "Who is/has been doing the excluding?
- In the words of Safik Abu-Tahir, "Inclusion is recognizing
"oneness" and inerdependence. Inclusion is recognizing that we are
even though we are not the "same". The act of inclusion menas fighting
against exclusion and all of the social disaeases exclusion gives birth
to - i.e. racism, sexism, handicapism, etc. Fighting for inclusion also
involves assuring that all support systems are available to those who
such support. Providing and maintaining support systems is a civic
not a favor. We were all born "in." "
- So, perhaps the question should be "Why Exclusion" rather
and "How exclusion" rather than "How Inclusion"?
- good collection of links regarding inclusion
|Last Modified March 15, 2007